And the OAU had some successes and challenges, but the exigencies PROSPECTS AND CHALLENGES OF REGIONAL INTEGRATION IN WEST AFRICA PROSPECT AND CHALLENGES OF REGIONAL INTEGRATION IN WEST AFRICA (A QUALITATIVE STUDY) CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the study It is widely acknowledged that Africa’s integration efforts have thus far failed to bear satisfactory fruit. While other regions have successfully used their integration … Pages 89-108. Journal of Social Sciences: Vol. This article attempts to identify some of the achievements that have been made in regional integration in Africa as well as areas where challenges remain. Regional integration is viewed as a significant initiative with regard to stimulating economic growth amongst member states and enhancing intraregional trade, security initiatives, and bilateral and multilateral agreements. The small, sparsely populated, fragmented, and often isolated economies across Africa make a compelling case for these economies to integrate regionally to, reap efficiency gains, exploit economies of scale, and reduce the thickness of borders. In Africa, many such challenges affect poor peopleÕs lives in areas ranging from human security and mobility to … Africa’s challenges call for pragmatism and a sense of urgency in action. Daily Trust (Abuja) opinion By Abubakar M. Sambo. This paper examines the challenges and prospects of African regional integration with the focus on Southern Africa. Box MP167 Mount Pleasant Harare, Zimbabwe. 132 Challenges for Regional Integration in Sub-Saharan Africa The basic objectives that have underpinned the pursuit of regional integration are to merge economies, i.e. Likewise, the remaining four –members of the EAC are also members of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), thus facing similar challenges as the one encountered by Tanzania in terms of multiple commitments taken in the contexts of various integration agenda. Half of this trade is within the Southern African Development Community (SADC), where our country – South Africa – trades with the majority of our neighbouring states. 213-218. Preview Buy Chapter 25,95 € Regional Integration in Africa through the Harmonization of Laws. The challenges of regional integration in Southern Africa Mark Chingono* and Steve Nakana University of Zimbabwe, P. O. Pages 109-123. In grappling with the challenges facing regional integration efforts in Africa, advocates of greater unity have identified a number of other requirements for success: It also attempts to examine the roles that the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) can play in the integration process. This article looks at the global and regional integration of the Indian Ocean economy, with a view to identifying challenges to greater integration. challenges in achieving regional integration in africa keynote address at the southern africa development forum on progress and prospects in the implementation of protocols in southern africa organized by uneca- sa lusaka, zambia 29 – 31 may 2008 by prof. r. omotayo olaniyan au regional delegate to sadc african union union africaine Yet dominant development theories informing policy have yet to integrate ‘integration theory’ into their models. 4.Conclusion. Intra-African trade has more than doubled over the last ten years, from $47-billion to $108-billion. The challenges of regional integration in Africa: In the context of globalisation and the prospects for a United States of Africa. Because of systemic constraints in the so called leading nations we cannot wait for the Obamas and even Lulas of the world to show the way for the deep changes we need. ECOWAS was set up to foster the ideals of collective self-sufficiency for its member states. 2007-06-06. Regionalism in Africa raises several issues of contradictions and debate in the world of theory. (2007). Despite the numerous challenges that regional integration in Africa faces, much that were not even touched in this paper, Africa has made great advances from the days of colonialism to today. The Challenges of Regional Integration in the East Africa Community. Africa into five regional economic communities.6 Delineating regional boundaries is particularly problematic in sub-Saharan Africa for two reasons. Regional Integration in Africa Challenges and Prospects . However, despite spatial and regional challenges, Africa’s trade continues to grow. The role of integration as a catalyst for economic growth, development and insulation from global shocks has made the concept of regional integration even more attractive to states. West Africa: Ecowas - the Challenges of Regional Integration. Accepted 12 September, 2008 Regional integration is increasingly being accepted as essential in … This paper examines the challenges and prospects of African regional integration with the focus on Southern Africa. In spite of these challenges, the economic gains from further trade integration are potentially large if integration contributes to economic transformation and inclusive development. 91 “In my view, a united Africa – that is, the political and economic unifica-tion of the African continent – should seek three objectives. 15, No. There is, in Africa, a seemingly wide gap between the theoretical aspirations towards regional economic integration and the empirical evidence and practical reality of actual integration. Mwithiga, Patricia Mukiri. Continuing the pre-crisis trend, the region’s trade and growth have expanded rapidly. 3, pp. In Southern Africa, the attempt to achieve regional integration using ‘disintegrative’ development models has led to paralysis and pain. 11 February 2009. The African Union and the challenges of Regional Integration in Africa! Regional integration refers to various types of political and economic agreements that form closer ties between sovereign countries. The Economic Commission for Africa (ECA,2004) has outlined some of these benefits and they include:- a. Poverty is still a heavy burden in Sub-Saharan Africa, with 35.2 percent of the population living on less than US$1.90 a … The Indian Ocean is an increasingly important component of the world economy. CHALLENGES OF REGIONAL INTEGRATION IN AFRICA: POLICY AND ADMINISTRATIVE IMPLICATIONS Ms R. Mukamunana Dr. K. Moeti University of Pretoria. The oldest and still surviving African regional integration is the African Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS); it is a 15-member state organization and was established in 1975. The validity of the proposition that political integration is a desirable strategy for overcoming Africa’s deep-seated developmental challenges is critically assessed. The Challenges of Regional Integration for Development in Africa: Problems and Prospects. An incentive will have to be created for leaders to cultivate the political will to give super-nationals some of their power and sovereignty. For regional integration in Africa to be a success, Africa’s leaders will have to move beyond grand gestures and abstract visions. Political motives, geography, and the uneven distribution of gains trumped the traditional efficiency gains across Africa's Regional Economic Communities (RECs). Chingono Regional integration is, however, spearheaded by factors such as and Nakana (2009) argue that another factor contributing to the political will, dedication, political stability, and regional peace as suc- challenges of regional integration is the uneven development patterns cess drivers and these elements often involve massive compromises amongst member states in Southern Africa. 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